Informations Summary

I. Excerpts from Myanmar Dental Council Law (2018)

Chapter IX

Registration Certificate of a Dental Practitioner

23. Any citizen who has obtained any of the following degrees or the Bachelor of Dental Surgery which is recognized by the Council under sub-section (b) of section 7, and wishes to obtain the registration certificate, may apply to the Council in accordance with the stipulations after the completion of house surgeonship. On the receipt of the application, the Council shall transfer it to the Executive Committee for scrutiny:

(a) the Bachelor of Dental Surgery conferred by any local University of Dental Medicine;
(b) the Bachelor of Dental Surgery conferred by any foreign University or College of Dental Medicine or any organization established for dental education, and recognized by the Council.

24. The Executive Committee:

(a) may issue or refuse to issue the registration certificate after scrutinizing the application made under section 23 in accordance with the stipulations and causing the registration fees to be paid;
(b) shall register the name and personal data of the dental practitioner who has been issued the registration certificate under sub-section (a).

25. The Council shall cancel the registration certificate of revoke it for a limited period of finding that any of the following matters has occurred relating to any registered dental practitioner:

(a) being convicted by a court for any offence related the ethics of a dental practitioner and determined by the Council as being unsuitable to continue to serve as a dental practitioner;
(b) being unsuitable to serve as the dental practitioner due to violation of ethics of a dental practitioner;
(c) performing duties of a dental practitioner carelessly or negligently.

Chapter X

Recognition Certificate of Dental Nurses, Dental Hygienists, Prosthetists of Dental Assistants

26. The citizen who has obtained any of the following degrees, diplomas or certificates may apply the recognition certificate to the Council in accordance with stipulations. On the receipt of the application, the Council shall transfer it to the Executive Committee:

(a) the degree or diploma or training completion certificate conferred by any local University of Dental Medicine;
(b) the degree, diploma or training completion certificate conferred by any foreign University or College of Dental Medicine or any organization formed for dental science, and recognized by the Council;
(c) the recognition certificate conferred by the Council.

27. The Executive Committee:

(a) may issue or refuse to issue the recognition certificate after scrutinizing the application made under section 26 and causing the registration fees and other prescribed fees to be paid;
(b) shall register the name and personal data of dental nurses, dental hygienists, prosthetists and dental assistants who have been issued the recognition certificate under sub-section (a).

28. The Council shall cancel the recognition certificate if it finds that any of the following facts of dental nurses, dental hygienists, prosthetists and dental assistants has occurred:

(a) being convicted by any offences related to the misconduct prescribed by the Council that they are unsuitable to serve as dental nurses, dental hygienists, prosthetists or dental assistants;
(b) being unsuitable to serve as dental nurses, dental hygienists, prosthetists or dental assistants due to their misconduct;
(c) performing duties by dental nurses, dental hygienists, prosthetists of dental assistants carelessly or negligently.

Chapter XI

Dental Practitioner Licence

29.

(a) If any dental practitioner intends to practice dental and oral medicine, he shall apply to obtain the general practitioner licence to the Council in accordance with stipulations. On the receipt of the application, the Council shall transfer it to the Executive Committee.
(b) The Executive Committee shall issue the general practitioner licence to a dental practitioner if he fulfills the prescribed qualifications after scrutinizing the application made under sub-section (a), and causing the licence fees to be paid, and may refuse to issue the licence if he is disqualified.

30.

(a) Any dental practitioner who has obtained the general practitioner licence and fulfilled the prescribed qualification shall apply the special practitioner licence to the Council in accordance with the specifications. On the receipt of the application, the Council shall transfer it to the Executive Committee for scrutiny.
(b) The Executive Committee shall issue the special practitioner licence after scrutinizing the application made under sub-section (a), and causing the licence fees to be paid, and refuse to issue the licence if he is disqualified.

31.

(a) If any foreign dental practitioner wishes to practise dentistry in Myanmar, he shall apply the limited practitioner licence to the Council in accordance with stipulations. On the receipt of the application, the Council shall transfer it to the Executive Committee for scrutiny.
(b) The Executive Committee may issue or refuse to issue the limited practitioner licence by limiting branches of dental science, the locality and period after scrutinizing the application made under sub-section (a), and causing the licence fees to be paid.

32. If the general practitioner licence holder or special practitioner licence holder intends to extend the term of the practitioner licence, he shall apply it to the Council 60 days prior to the date of expiry. On the receipt of the application, the Council shall transfer it to the Executive Committee for scrutiny.

33. The Executive Committee shall scrutinize the application applied for the extension of the practitioner licence under section 32, and may extend or refuse to extend the licence.

34. The Council may cancel or revoke the practitioner licence for a limited period if it is found any of the following facts of a dental practitioner:

(a) deregistration;
(b) incapacity for practicing dentistry according to the examination of Medical Board prescribed under the law;
(c) performing duties by a dental practitioner carelessly or negligently;
(d) misconduct by a dental practitioner;
(e) disqualification of a dental practitioner;
(f) failure to extend the term of the dental practitioner licence without reasonable grounds during the specified period prescribed by the Council.

Chapter XII

Duties and Rights of the Dental Practitioner and the Dental Practitioner Licence Holder

35. Any dental practitioners or dental practitioner licence holder shall:

(a) abide by this Law, rules, regulations and bye-laws, notifications, orders, directives and procedures issued by this Law;
(b) observe the ethics of a dental practitioner adopted by the Council;
(c) have the right to submit to insert the additional qualification such as the Bachelor of Dental Science, diploma awarded after obtaining the registration certificate in accordance with stipulations;
(d) have the right to give advice to the Council for the achievement of its duties and functions;
(e) have the right to present his grievances to the Council, and to take advice from the Council.

36. The dental practitioner licence holder shall have the right to practise the dentistry in accordance with the specifications according to the types of the dental practitioner licence.

37. In electing 13 members of the Council to be elected with majority votes, or each member of the Council represented for the Union Territory, the Region or State concerned, or in electing members represented for their region concerned, the dental practitioner licence holder:

(a) has the right to vote;
(b) has the right to be elected as a member of the Council or a member of the Executive Committee if he fulfills the prescribed qualifications.

Chapter XIII

Appeal

38.

(a) Any person who is dissatisfied with an order made by the Executive Committee shall appeal to the Council within 60 days from the date of the order or decision.
(b) The Council may approve or amend or cancel the order of the Executive Committee after examining the appeal filed under sub-section (a).
(c) The decision of the Council made under sub-section (b) shall be final.

Chapter XIV

Prohibitions

39. No one shall practise dental and oral medicine without a dental practitioner licence.

40. No dental practitioner licence holder shall assign duty to any other person except the person who has obtained the licence, registration certificate, recognition certificate, permit, training completion certificate or evidence issued by the relevant department, organization or Council in practicing dentistry.

Proviso: In case of assigning duty to any other person except the person who has obtained the degree, diploma or training completion certificate contained in sub-sections (a) and (b) of section 26, this provision shall not be applicable if the Council provides necessary training within three years from the date of enactment of this Law, and it shall not be unable to issue the recognition certificate to this person.

41. No dental practitioners shall use his name against terms and expressions which are inappropriate to the degree, rank or know-how which he has obtained.

42. No dental practitioner shall mention any additional dental qualification such as the diploma, degree, etc. against his name without the approval of the Council that he has been registered in the list of dental practitioners.

Chapter XV

Penalties

43. Whoever violates the prohibition contained in section 39 shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term from a minimum of one year to a maximum of three years, and shall also be liable to a fine.

44. Any dental practitioner licence holder who violates the prohibition contained in section 40 shall, on conviction, be punished with a fine from a minimum of five hundred thousand kyats to a maximum of one million kyats.

45. Any dental practitioner who violates the prohibition contained in section 41 shall, on conviction, be punished with a fine of five hundred thousand kyats.

46. Any dental practitioner who violates the prohibition contained in section 42 shall, on conviction, be punished with a fine of three hundred thousand kyats.

 

II. Mechanism of Mobility for ASEAN DENTISTS (2017)

(Limited Clinical Practice, Research with patient contact, Teaching, Humanitarian Missions etc-----)

MECHANISM OF MOBILITY FOR ASEAN DENTISTS (2017)

 

III. Registration of Dental Special List

(1) For Myanmar Graduates

All dental graduates from Myanmar Dental University must register with the Myanmar Dental Council (MDC) to be able to practice both in public and private sector according to MDC law and a general dental practitioner’s license is issued.

After obtaining the post graduate degree in the respective field of dentistry, anybody who wishes to practice as a dental specialist could apply for specialist registration to MDC. However, nobody has applied for specialist registration to MDC but their specialist qualifications are endorsed in the general dental practitioner’s license book by MDC.

(2) For Foreign Dental Surgeons

Limited registration license is granted for foreign dental surgeons after considering their application case by case. Validity is 3 months but renewable.

 

IV. Asean minimum Competency Standard

 

ASEAN Minimum Common Competency Standard for Dental Undergraduate Education (Summary)

Statement of Minimum Competencies Proposed Revision to the Statement (if any) Scope of Performing Abilities Other Inputs or Comments
1. Demonstrate ethical and professional behaviours which are in accordance with the local codes of conduct for dental professionals. Practice ethical/legal/moral principles and social accountability. (PH)
Have ethical and professional behaviours which are in accordance with the local codes of conduct for dental professionals. (VN)
  “Must do” not “Must know”
2. Provide dental care in compliance with the principles of ethics and jurisprudence.  
  • To display professional attitude while providing dental care (BN)
  • To be aware of the principles of ethics and laws governing dental practice and provide dental care in accordance to them(BN)
 
3. Recognise patients’ rights, demonstrate appropriate caring behaviour, and respect patients and colleagues without discrimination.  
  • Be able to treat all patients with equality, respect and dignity(BN)
 
4. Practise within one’s competence and know when to consult and/or refer.  
  • To be able to know own limitations and refer patients for advice and/or treatment when and where appropriate (BN)
 
5. Communicate effectively with patients and their caregivers, colleagues, and the public.  
  • Conduct proper oral health education (PH)
  • Present a comprehensive treatment options to the patient (PH)
  • Provide chairside and post-operative instructions to the patient (PH)
  • Coordinate with other health professionals and refer to specialists, if necessary (PH)
  • Practice patient recall (PH)
  • Be able to communicate effectively and sensitively at all times, by spoken, written and electronic methods, with patients and their caregivers, colleagues and the public (BN)
 
6. Critically evaluate and apply best up-to date research evidence to manage, solve or improve patients’ oral health. Critically evaluate and apply best up-to date research evidence to prevent disease (and abnormal conditions like malocclusion) and to manage, solve or improve patients’ oral health. (PH)
  • Be able to acquire knowledge by reading literatures and publication. Able to analyse, synthesise and evaluate on the topic (BN)
  • Be able to apply the principles of evidence-based dentistry to clinical and professional practice and in decision making (BN)
 
7. Apply knowledge of the scientific basis of dentistry, including the relevant biomedical and psychosocial sciences, to the practice of dentistry in compliance with the correct academic principles.  
  • Able to recall, understand and apply this knowledge (BN)
  • Be able to integrate knowledge of basic dentistry to patient care (BN)
 
8. Demonstrate commitment to lifelong learning for professional development and maintain high quality care for the patients and community. Display commitment to lifelong learning for professional development and maintain high quality care for the patients and community. (VN)
  • Develop and maintain professional knowledge and competence (BN)
  • Take responsibility for lifelong personal development and be active in continuing professional development programmes to ensure maintenance of high quality care (BN)
 
9. Lead and/or participate with dental and/or other health care team in dental and general health promotion.  
  • Participate, and where appropriate, be able to lead, communicate and work effectively with colleagues from dental and other healthcare professionals in relation to oral and general health promotion (BN)
 
10. Manage and maintain a safe working environment including patient safety and effective cross infection control.      
11. Organise and manage dental practice office/clinic. Apply business principles, entrepreneurship, practices and processes in the organization and management of the office/clinic. (PH)   Need to give supplementary competency regarding this issue
12. Identify patient’s chief complaints and obtain complete medical, dental andpsychosocial history.     May not need further clarification
13. Perform clinical examination, necessary diagnostic tests, and radiographic examination/investigation.     Hot test
Cold test
EPT
Probing
Bite test
Inspection, pulpation, percussion
PA and bitewing x-ray
14. Obtain and interpret all findings in order to arrive at an accurate diagnosis.  
  • Be able to synthesize the full results of the patient’s assessment and make clinical judgement as appropriate (BN)
 
15. Formulate appropriate initial, differential and final diagnoses based on the interpretation of the clinical, laboratory and radiographic findings.    

Common diseases – final diagnosis

Uncommon diseases – initial diagnosis and consult/refer

16. Keep accurate, systematic and current patient medical/dental records in compliance with international standards and local data protection regulation/legislation.  
  • Practise routinely the habit of keeping accurate, systematic and up to date records (BN)
 
17. Formulate a comprehensive treatment and/or referral plan.

Develop comprehensive evidence-based treatment plan and/or referral plan and obtain informed consent. (PH)

Formulate a comprehensive dental treatment and/or referral plan. (VN)

  • Be able to formulate an appropriate treatment plan, be familiar with referral pathways and be competent in organising referrals (BN)
 
18. Apply a patient-centred approach to adjust treatment plans to suit patients’ needsand values according to standards of care.  
  • Be able to tailor treatment plans according to patients’ best interest (BN)
 
19. Recognise and manage medical and dental emergencies and perform basic life-support.  
  • To Identify, assess and manage medical and dental emergency (BN)
  • Competent at performing basic life support (BN)
 
20. Manage patient’s pain and anxiety by using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological techniques  
  • Local anesthesia infiltrate & block (TH)
  • Prescribe analgesic drugs (TH)
  • Psychological management (TH)
  • Non-pharmacological techniques (TH)
 
21. Manage carious and non-carious lesions, and provide restorations when indicated.  
  • Caries assessment (TH)
  • Risk assessment (TH)
  • Perform preventive restoration (TH)
  • Provide restorations up to moderate level (TH)
  • identify accurately carious (BN)
  • provide appropriate restoration (BN)
 
22. Manage pulpal and periapical diseases and perform non-surgical root canal treatment on uncomplicated single and/or multi-rooted teeth.  
  • Vital pulp therapy (TH)
  • Non-vital bleaching (TH)
  • Non-surgical RCT (TH)
  • Be able to assess, diagnose and manage the health of the dental pulp and periradicular tissues (BN)
  • Undertake appropriate non-surgical treatment for uncomplicated deciduous and permanent teeth, and refer where appropriate (BN)
 
23. Manage periodontal conditions and diseases and provide non-surgical periodontal treatment when indicated.  
  • Prophylaxis (TH)
  • Moderate periodontitis treatment (TH)
  • Be able to assess and manage the health of periodontal and soft tissues and undertake non-surgical treatments, when indicated, and refer where appropriate (BN)
 
24. Manage oral surgery treatment needs and perform minor oral surgical procedures.  
  • Simple extraction (TH)
  • Surgical removal of uncomplicated impacted tooth (TH)
  • Simple pre-prosthetic surgery (TH)
  • Undertake simple minor oral surgical procedures, and refer where appropriate (BN)
 
25. Recognise and manage common oral mucosal lesions.     Need to give supplementary competency regarding this issue
26. Manage patients with prosthodontic treatment needs, and provide suitable fixed and/or removable prostheses.  
  • Post-core crown (TH)
  • 3 unit bridges (TH)
  • Removable partial denture (TH)
  • Complete denture (TH)
  • Maintenance (TH)
  • Provide appropriately suitable fixed and/or removable prostheses when needed (BN)
 
27. Manage patients with abnormal craniofacial complexes and occlusion.  
  • Initial diagnosis & refer(TH)
 
28. Manage patients with masticatory disorders/diseases and/or orofacial pain.  
  • Simple occlusal splint (TH)
 
29. Recognise and manage patients with special needs.  
  • Initial diagnosis & refer (TH)
  • Identify patient with special needs and refer appropriately (BN)
 
30. Recognise and manage patients with dental implants need. Recognise indication of patient suitable for implant treatment and its complications. (MY)
  • Initial diagnosis & refer (TH)
  • Be able to recognise patients requiring dental implants and discuss with them regarding the procedure and costs involved and refer accordingly (BN)
“should be able to know/do", not “Must know/do”
31. Monitor and evaluate treatment outcomes and provide additional action as necessary.      
32. Use the concepts of holistic healthcare, health promotion, disease prevention,and public health management to educate and promote oral health of the individuals and the community.      
33. Recognise the oral health status and importance of the health service systems in a culturally diverse society. Utilize systems-based approach to healthcare in a culturally diverse society. (PH)
  • Utilize each component of the health system for optimum care (PH)